police etymology

English word police comes from Middle French police (government, management, civil administration), which in turn derives from Latin politia (state, government), which itself comes from Ancient Greek πολιτεία (citizenship, administration; civil polity…) and ultimately from Ancient Greek πόλις (city). The term police first acquired its current meaning (a state power entrusted with law enforcement) in around 1810

Detailed word origin of police

Dictionary entryLanguageDefinition
πόλις Ancient Greek (grc) city
πολίτης Ancient Greek (grc) citizen
πολιτεία Ancient Greek (grc) citizenship, the relation in which a citizen stands to the state, the condition and rights of a citizen; the life and business of a statesman, government, administration; civil polity, the condition or constitution of a state
politia Latin (lat) (Late Latin) state, government.
police Middle French (frm) Governance; management.
police English (eng) (now, rare, historical) The regulation of a given community or society; administration, law and order etc. [from 17th c.]. (obsolete) Communal living; civilization. [16th-19th c.]. (obsolete) Policy. [15th-19th c.]. (regional, chiefly, US, Caribbean, Scotland) A police officer. [from 19th c.]. A civil force granted the legal authority for law enforcement and maintaining public order. [from [...]

Words with the same origin as police

Descendants of ἀποδείκνυμι
policeman policy slop sloppy
Descendants of πολίτης
Descendants of πόλις
metro metropolis metropolitan